Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI)
Stress incontinence is a common condition involving an involuntary loss of urine that occurs when a physical movement places pressure or stress on the bladder. Patients with this condition may experience a leakage of urine while coughing, sneezing, laughing, jogging or lifting something heavy. This condition usually occurs as a result of weakened sphincter and pelvic muscles that cannot adequately support the bladder and/or urethra.
Treatment for Stress Incontinence
Treatment for stress incontinence depends on the severity of the condition, and may include behavioral changes, pelvic floor muscle exercises, physical therapy, pessary or surgery. Most patients can benefit from simple behavioral changes which may include:
- Decreasing excessive fluid intake
- Urinating more frequently
- Quitting smoking
- Avoiding alcohol and caffeine
- Losing weight
- Kegel exercises
Surgery may be performed in cases where the specific cause of incontinence is identified, and may include:
- Urethral Bulking Injections – To thicken the area around the urethra.
- Vaginal Sling Procedures – To surgically place a piece of synthetic mesh as a support for the urethra.
Your doctor will determine the most effective treatment plan for each patient’s individual condition. Most patients can achieve significant symptom improvement from a combination of treatments.